Stage Three & Stage Four Throwing Skills!
This is a continuation of the 4 stages of throwing.
This is from Dr. Robert Pangrazi and his excellent book on physical eduction. Remember that kids develop differently.
Typically, stage three is found among children ages 5-7 years. The starting position is similar to that of stages one and two in that the body is facing the target area, the feet are parallel, and the body erect. In this stage, however, a step is made toward the target with the foot on the same side of the body as the throwing arm. This allows rotation of the body and shifting of the body weight forward as the step occurs. The arm action is nearer to the overhand style of throwing than is the fling of stage two, and there is an increase in hip flexion. Unfortunately, the throwing pattern of many students never matures beyond this stage.
Stage four is a mature form of throwing, and more force is applied to the object being accelerated. The thrower uses the rule of opposition in this stage, taking a step in the direction of the throw with the leg opposite the throwing arm. This develops maximum body torque. The target is addressed with the non-throwing side of the body and strides toward the target to shift the body weight. Beginning with the weight on the back leg, the movement sequence is as follows: a) step toward the target, b) rotate the upper body, and c) throw with the arm. The cue phrase used is. "Step, turn, and throw." The elbow should lead the way in the arm movement, followed by forearm extension, and a final snapping of the wrist. This pattern must be practiced many times to develop total body coordination. Through a combination of sound instruction and practice, the majority of youngsters are able to develop a mature pattern of throwing by age 8 or 9 years.
If there is ever a case that leagues should focus on fundamentals, this is it. Read again the last sentence of stage four:
"Unfortunately, the throwing pattern of many students never matures beyond this stage."
Leagues have to be convinced to delay playoffs and
All-Stars for the younger players. Focus on skills. Take it from someone who is over competitive when on the baseball field that there will be plenty of time for competition. Let's focus on what is important at each stage of development.
Here is a hint! Don't get over consumed if you don't understand the four stages of throwing. All I ask is to get in front of a full length mirror and practice throwing all kinds of ways. Using the legs. Not using the legs. Rotating and not rotating the hips.
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